The International Organisation of Vine and Wine (OIV) has recently released the 2015 data for global wine production and trade, and these are thus the latest figures. A number of bloggers have commented on these data, notably Per Karlsson at BK Wine Magazine, from whom I have taken the data shown here.
The top 13 countries are shown in the first graph, in terms of vineyard surface area.
China has only recently over-taken France as the number-two contributor of grapes, However, while the oldest known evidence of wine-making dates back 6,000 years, in what are now Georgia and Armenia (see the map), wine-making in China dates back at least 4,500 years.
The top 11 countries for current wine production are shown in the next graph.
The change in the order of the countries shows you which ones have a large production of eating grapes, and which ones concentrate on wine production.
Indeed, we could combine the two data sets, and thus calculate who produces the most wine per vineyard area. This is shown in the third graph.
Obviously, there are differences between countries in how productive their vines are, but this graph still gives you a rough picture of who uses their grape vines for making wine. This provides a very different picture from what most people seem to expect. Even big wine-producing countries such as Spain do not use most of their vineyard area for making wine. It is the so-called New World areas who concentrate on wine production, such as South Africa, Australia, Chile, Argentina, and the USA.